Monday, 2 July 2012

Top 10 future weapons of CHINA

1  Ballistic Missiles 

(a)  DF-41

The Dongfeng-41 (DF-41, CSS-X-10) (东风-41, Chinese: "East Wind"), is a Chinese nuclear solid-fueled road-mobile intercontinental ballistic missile currently under service with the Second Artillery Corps.
It has an estimated operational range of 15,000 km, is capable of MIRV delivery (up to 12), and can cover any position on the planet. The project started in the 1980s, and is now quite likely coupled with the JL-2 program.


Warhead :nuclear 12 MIRVs (single 1 MT or MIRV with selectable 20, 90, 150 kTs)
Engine :Three-stage solid propellant
Operational range: ~15,000 kms (~9,320 miles)

Guidance system :Inertial with COMPASS

Launch platform :Silo, road-mobile TEL


The US Department of Defense has stated that China has developed and reached initial operating capability [10] of a conventionally-armed[11] high hypersonic[1] land-based anti-ship ballistic missile (ASBM) based on the DF-21. This would be the world's first ASBM and the world's first weapons system capable of targeting a moving aircraft carrier strike group from long-range, land-based mobile launchers.[12][13] [14] These would combine maneuverable reentry vehicles (MaRVs) with some kind of terminal guidance system. Such a missile may have been tested in 2005-6, and the launch of the Jianbing-5/YaoGan-1 and Jianbing-6/YaoGan-2 satellites would give the Chinese targeting information from SAR (Synthetic Aperture Radar) and visual imaging respectively. The upgrades would greatly enhance China's ability to conduct sea-denial operations to prevent US carriers from intervening in the Taiwan Strait.

(c)  JL-2

The JL-2 (巨浪-2 Jù Làng-2, Giant Wave 2) is a Chinese second-generation intercontinental-range submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) which has a two-stage, solid-liquid fuelled propulsion design. 


Warhead nuclear: single or MIRVs (up to 10), 1050 to 2800 kg
Blast yield :25-1000 kt ?
Propellant :2-stage solid-fueled 1st stage liquid-fueled 2nd stage

Operational range: 8600 km (JL-2), 12,000 km = 7,456 miles (JMA), 14,000 km = 8,699 miles (JMB)

Launch platform :Type 094 Jin class submarine


(a)  SSBN type094 submarine & type 96 submarine

General characteristics
Displacement: 8,000 tons surfaced , 9,000 tons submerged
Length: 133 m 
Propulsion: Nuclear reactor, 1 shaft

Armament: Torpedoes: six 533 mm bow tubes Missiles: 12 JL-2 SLBM,16 JL-2 SLBM (Type 2),20-24 JL-2 SLBM (Type 3)

The Type 096 submarine is a new class of SSBN rumored to be in development for the Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN). Little information exists about the project. Some sources suggests that the new submarine will carry 24 SLBMs. It will be the successor to the Type 094 SSBN currently under evaluation by the PLAN.

(b)  SSGN Type 093 submarine & type 95 submarine


The Type 093 is estimated to be roughly 7000t displacement when dived. The Type 093 is estimated to be 110 metres (360 ft) long with a beam of 11m and can dive to a maximum depth of 400 metres (1,300 ft). It is estimated to have a noise level of 110db[3] and have an endurance of 80 days. This submarine is the first to incorporate flank linear array sonars designated as H/SQG-207 in its design, and this linear flank array was designed by the 715th Institute, with deputy chief designer Mr. Li Qihu (李启虎), who was the chief designer of H/SQ-2 262/262A/262B/262C/H-SQG-4 sonars used to upgrade Type 035, 033, both 091 and 092, 035G, and 039 submarines.
The improved Type 093G incorporates new technologies such as retractable diving planes and a modified hull for greater acoustic stealth.[
The Type 093 is expected to be armed with six 533 mm and/or 650 mm torpedo tubes that will launch Russian or indigenous wire-, acoustic, and wake-homing torpedoes as well as anti-ship and land attack cruise missiles. This could include the submarine launched version of YJ-83 anti-ship missile. Currently YJ-83 is not believed to be nuclear tipped. Nuclear deterrence missions are delegated to the 092 Xia class and 094 Jin class SSBN.
It is anticipated that Type 095 submarines will have a substantially reduced acoustical signature, incorporating the latest Russian submarine technology, within a larger version of the Xia/Jin hull type.[3][6][7] The Type 095's acoustical signature is estimated to be superior to Soviet-era Victor III (Project 671RTM) submarines but inferior to Akula I (Project 971) submarines initially introduced in the late 1980s.[1][2] Additionally, it is also speculated that Type 095 submarines may be armed with long-range anti-ship HY-4 cruise missiles and act as a potential undersea escort for any future PLAN aircraft carrier task forces

3  Aircraft carrier PLAN 83 Shi Lang & 3-4 indigenous AC

Displacement: est. 50,000–60,000 tons[1] (conventional) 93,000 tons (nuclear)[2]

Propulsion: Conventional and nuclear[2]
Aircraft carried: Shenyang J-15/Chinese Naval Flanker, Chengdu J-10C,J-19(?).

4  Chengdu J-20

The production J-20 may incorporate an advanced fly-by-wire (FBW) system fully integrated with the fire-control and the engine systems. Its fire-control radar is expected to be Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) (Type 1475/KLJ5?).[53]
According to recent pictures from the internet, two small dark diamond shaped windows can be seen on both sides of the nose, which could house certain EO sensors, such as MAWS and/or IRST. Two additional windows are seen underneath the rear fuselage, plus two more on top of the forward fuselage above the canard wings, suggesting a distributed situational awareness system similar to the EODAS onboard American F-35 was installed providing a full 360° coverage.

The aircraft features a "pure" glass cockpit (two large color liquid crystal display (LCD) and several smaller ones and a wide-angle holographic head-up display (HUD)). Many of these subsystems have been tested onboard J-10Bs to speed up the development.[53]
The J-20 has a large belly weapon bay for short/long-range air-to-air missiles (AAM) (PL-10, PL-12C/D & PL-21) and two smaller lateral weapon bays behind the air inlets for short-range AAMs (PL-10).[53]
One photo depicts the same air to air loadout as the F-22, that is six medium range air to air missiles and two short range.
Carlo Kopp has suggested that the J-20's overall stealth shaping is "without doubt considerably better" than the F-35 and PAK FA, but he agrees with others, such as Shih Hiao-wei of Defense International monthly and Bill Sweetman of Aviation Week, that some parts on the J-20 will challenge its ability to remain stealthy from all directions: "The aft fuselage, tailbooms, fins/strakes and axi-symmetric nozzles are not compatible with high stealth performance, but may only be stop-gap measures to expedite flight testing of a prototype."[58] As of January 2011 the engine nozzles were clearly non-stealthy; this may be due to the fact that the final "fifth generation" engines had not been completed yet.[2][59] However, one of the prototypes uses WS-10G engines with stealthy jagged-edge nozzles and tile

5  Cruise missiles

(a)  HN-2000 

File:CJ-10 naval.jpg

A stealthy, supersonic cruise/anti-ship missile has been reported under development. It is reported to be equipped with a millimeter wave radar, infrared image mapping, synthetic aperture radar (SAR), and Beidou satellite guidance. It has an accuracy of up to 1-3 meters and a range of 4000 km

(b) CJ-10 & DH 10

The CJ-10 is a land attack cruise missile (LACM) currently in service with the Second Artillery Corps of the People's Republic of China. 
The CJ-10A is an air-launched variant with a range of 2,000—2,200 km, intended to arm the Xian H-6K strategic nuclear bomber which can carry six of the missiles under its wings.
Engine : Solid fueled

Operational range : 2,500km > 3,000+ km (CJ-20)
Speed: Mach 2.5+ (CJ-10) 
Guidance system: Inertial + possibly GPS

Launch platform :8 axle TEL (CJ-10) ,Xian H-6K (CJ-10A)

6  Stealth Warships 

(a) Type 054A frigate

It is a development of the Type 054 frigate, using the same hull but with improved sensors and weapons.The Type 054A carries HQ-16 medium-range air defence missiles in a VLS system. The HQ-16 provides area air defence from all engagement angles up to a range of 50km; the HQ-7 carried on the Type 054 have inferior range and engagement angles.
The 4 AK-630 close-in weapon systems (CIWS) of the Type 054 were replaced with 2 Type 730 CIWS on the Type 054A. The autonomously-operating Type 730 provide improved reaction time against close-in threats.
The Type 054A retains its predecessor's stealth features, including sloped hull design, radar absorbent materials, and cleaner profile.

(b) Lanzhou class destroyer

The Type 052C destroyer (NATO code name Luyang II class, often referred to as Lanzhou class after the lead ship name) is a class of destroyer built by the People's Republic of China. The destroyers feature an active phased array radar system with four statically-mounted antennas proving continuous 360-degree coverage and multiple missile direction capability for the vertically launched HHQ-9 long-range air defence missiles. This class represents China's first true long-range fleet air defence capability and is similar in outward appearance to the US AEGIS air defence system.
8 YJ-62 Anti-ship Missile in 2 x quad cells
48 vertically launched HHQ-9 SAM
8 HN-2 land attack cruise missiles [6]
8 C-805 anti-ship / land attack cruise missiles
1 x 100 mm gun
2 x 30 mm Type 730 CIWS
4 x Type 726-4, 18 barrel decoy Multiple rocket launcher
2 x Triple 324 mm ASW torpedo tubes
Aviation: 1 Kamov Ka-28 ASW helicopter

TYPE 99A2 tank

China is researching the so-called "Enhanced third generation MBT"----Type 99-A2 MBT with an integrated propulsion system, powerful active protection system, Shaped ERA armor, reaction improved aiming system and digital battlefield information terminal.
The "Integrated Propulsion System" is a module includes engine, transmission, cooling system and fuels tank. Besides, the modified 1500HP transverse mounted engine brings a smaller sized module and changes the inlet and exhaust position of tank.
The well-known feature of Type 99 MBT is the laser-countermeasure device, but the actual performance is unclear. And in Type 99-A2 MBT, the laser-countermeasure will be replaced by other active protection system (APS), such as a Chinese copy of Russian Arena tank APS. In the picture, a bulged device fixed on turret right side is believed to be a part of experimental protection system.
Of course, the APS can not be an alternative of all other conventional protections. It has been known that Type 99-A2 MBT has arrow-shaped ERA armor instead of former spaced armor covered by ERA liner.
As alike as the improved “Hunter-Killer” fire control system of Type 99-A2 MBT, the digital battlefield information terminal can not observed from the appearance.
Armor Classified, Al2O3, ERA, composite
armament 125 mm smoothbore tank gun, compatible with Chinese 140 mm guns or 155 mm for Type 99KM 

8  KJ2000 & Jian-10B Multirole Fighter Aircraft

(a) KJ2000

The current KJ-2000 AWACS in Chinese service is equipped with a domestic AESA (active electronically scanned array),[4] also known as active phased array, radar. The radar was designed by the Research Institute of Electronic Technology (also more commonly known as the 14th Institute) at Nanjing, and it utilizes the experience gained from the 14th Institute's earlier indigenously developed Type H/LJG-346 SAPARS (Shipborne Active Phased Array Radar System) that was completed in 1998. The same Type H/LJG-346 SAPARS was also the predecessor of the active phased array radar system equipping the PLAN Lanzhou class destroyers. The radar is arranged in the same way as that of the Beriev A-50I.

(B) Jian-10B

The J-10B is a modified variant of the J-10 multirole fighter aircraft, with modifications in airframe and avionics. Chengdu Aircraft Corporation (CAC) of AVIC began to develop a follow-on variant of its J-10 fighter around 2004/05. A J-10B prototype reportedly made its maiden flight in December 2008. Photos of the aircraft began to emerge on the Chinese Internet in March 2009. Once commissioned, the J-10B is likely going to become the standard for later J-10 productions.
Rampless Inlet

The J-10B features a chin-mounted diffuser supersonic inlet (DSI) air inlet. The traditional rectangle-shape air inlet on the J-10 requires a large moveable inlet ramp to generate a rearward leaning oblique shock wave to aid the inlet compression process. The ramp sits at an acute angle to deflect the intake air stream from the longitudinal direction. The air inlets comprises many moving parts, which increases the aircraft’s weight and radar reflections.

The newly designed rampless inlet, first tested on the FC-1/JF-17 fighter design by Chengdu, employs a one-piece bump at the top of the inlet replacing the movable ramp. This eliminates all moving parts on the inlet, lightening the overall weight and reducing the aircraft’s radar signature.

Electro-Optic Targeting System

The J-10B has been added with an electronic-optic targeting system (EOTS) commonly found on all fourth-generation Russian fighter aircraft such as Su-27 and MiG-29. Placed forward of the cockpit canopy to the right, the system comprises an infrared search and track (IRST) sensor and a laser rangefinder, which can detect enemy targets passively without requiring to turn on the fire-control radar, thus reducing the chance of the aircraft being detected. The EOTS of the J-10B is likely based on a Russian design.
Tailfin ECM Pod

The upper edge of J-10B’s tailfin is curved, in contrast to the straight-edged tailfin of the J-10. A large fairing is added to the tip of the tailfin to accommodate electronic warfare and countermeasures (EW/ECM) equipment.

ECM Antenna Array

The J-10B has four black antenna arrays attached externally to the fuselage, a larger one on either side of the cockpit and a smaller one on either side of the rear fuselage near the engine nozzle. The specific purpose of these antennas is unknown but they are thought to be for electronic countermeasures purpose.

9  HQ-19/SA- 400TRIUMF

It is believed that the Chinese Hong Qi-19 (HQ-19) Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) system, was a joint development programme with the Russian Federation. The HQ-19 system appears to use the same missiles, sensors, battle management and launch vehicles as the Russian S-400 Triumf. The Russian S-400 introduced three new missiles, the 9M96, 9M96/2 and the 40N6, which can be fitted in new canisters replacing all or some of the S-300 (SA-10/-20) missile canisters on the S-300 Transporter-Erector-Launcher (TEL) vehicles. Development of the third version, the 40N6, was reported to have been completed in December 2002, but no further details are available and this has not been confirmed. The HQ-19 system could be adapted as an Anti-Satellite weapon (ASAT) system, for use against satellites in Low Earth Orbit (LEO).

The S-400s radar is capable of tracking over 100 targets at ranges of over 400 km (250 mi), and engaging up to 12 of these targets at varying ranges, depending on the missile used (see infobox). For stealth targets the detection range will be less than 100 km (62 mi)

Missiles : 
The 40N6 very long range missile is capable of destroying slow airborne targets at ranges up to 400 km (250 mi). Due to its large size and low manoeuvrability it is generally unsuitable for intercepting smaller targets such as fighter aircraft or cruise missiles.
The 48N6 long range missile is capable of destroying airborne targets at ranges up to 250 km (160 mi).
The 9M96 short range missile is capable of destroying airborne targets at ranges up to 120 km (75 mi). It has the highest hit probability against fast, manoeuvrable targets such as fighter aircraft.
The ABM capabilities are near the maximum allowed under the (now void) Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty

10 WZ-10 Attack Chopper

Internet source photos revealed that the Z-10 has a conventional attack helicopter layout, with the pilot and weapons operator seated in tandem, stepped cockpits. The helicopter has a five-blade main rotor and a four-blade tail rotor. Two engines are podded to the helicopter just to the rear of the cockpit. The fuselage has a sloped side to reduce its radar cross section (RCS), and is slender and tapered to the rear, with fixed landing gear. The tail boom tapers to the rear, with a high, swept-back fin with square tip. The flats are unequally tapered with a square tip, while the belly fin has the rear landing wheel attached. The tail rotor is mounted on the right side.

The helicopter is thought to be fitted with a ‘fly-by-wire‘ (FBW) control system, and a modern glass cockpit with multifunctional display (MFD) screens. The helicopter crew may also be equipped with a helmet-mounted sight (HMS) for head-up display of information and weapon control.
Specifications (estimated)

General characteristics
Crew: 2
Length: 14.15 m (ft)
Rotor diameter: 13.0 m[6] (ft)
Height: 3.85 m (ft)
Empty weight: 5,540 kg[6] (lb)
Loaded weight: 7,000 kg (lb)
Useful load: 1,500 kg[6] (lb)
Max takeoff weight: ? kg (lb)
Powerplant: 2 × WZ-9 turboshaft[6], 1000 kw (1340 shp) each

Maximum speed: 300+ km/h[6]
Cruise speed: 270+ km/h[6]
Ferry range: 800+ km[6] ()
Service ceiling: 6,400 m (ft)
Rate of climb: over 12+ m/s[6] (ft/min)

Guns: 23 mm or 30 mm autocannon mounted on chin turret with grenade launchers, or 14.5 mm Gatling gun
Hardpoints: 4
Rockets: 57 mm, 90 mm multi-barrel unguided rocket pods
Up to 8 ATGM air-to-surface missiles
Up to 8 TY-90 air-to-air missiles
Up to 4 PL-5, PL-7, PL-9 air-to-air missiles

YH millimetre-wave fire-control radar
YH-96 electronic warfare suite

Some More Ambitious Projects 


(a) Chengdu Pterodactyl I/Yilong

Developed by the Chengdu Aircraft Industry Group (CAC), a division of the Aviation Industry Corporation of China (AVIC),[2][3] the Pterodactyl I bears a distinct similarity in appearance to the Predator/Reaper family of drones developed by the United States.[3][4] The drone is capable of being fitted with a variety of sensors, including a forward looking infrared turret and synthetic aperture radar;[2] in addition, the aircraft is capable of carrying weapons.[4] The Pterodactyl I's total payload capacity for sensors and weapons is 200 kilograms (440 lb).

(b) Anjian (Dark Sword) 

It is obviously designed for high manoeuvrability at supersonic speeds, having a flat, triangular shape with an additional large wing area and swing canards, hinting at China’s J-10 multi-role combat aircraft (which itself strongly resembles jets such as the Eurofighter, Rafale and Gripen). Its large intake underneath the fuselage implies high speed, agility and angle-of-attack, further suggesting that the aircraft will be powered by a turbofan.

At the Zhuhai air show, a staff member called the aircraft the “future of Chinese unmanned combat aviation”, emphasising its projected ability to evade enemy radar and to engage in air-to-air combat.

 H-10 Stealth bomber

China's H-10 stealth bomber secret flight - can carry nuclear bomb

Japan's "Sankei Shimbun" recently published an article mentioned that China developed the strategic nuclear missiles capable of carrying the H-10 stealth bomber has successful test flight. The article said that the research and development base in Qinghai, a secret military base in the Gobi, H-10 stealth bombers from the 1998 R & D, code-named "Project No. 10."

End, the article also said that China got stealth technology from the F117 and B2 "Spirit" stealth technology and the introduction of Russia's bomber technology, the technical development of independent R & D success. H-10's success broke the monopoly of the U.S. stealth, seriously threatening the security of Japan.

On the same day, U.S. military experts khaki Rolla personal Web site commented that the U.S. military as early as two years ago, discovered the existence of H-10 type, and through various channels to be a "natural enemy" of the technical design parameters and operational performance, The United States has fully prepared to meet the "natural enemy" of challenges, including the deployment of the East Pacific Infrared Stealth radars to increase the number of interceptor missiles and so forth.

China H-10 Stealth Bomber

H-10 stealth strategic bombers, which is a B2 stealth bombers with the United States similar to the large aircraft, is secretly developing China's aviation who in recent years, so in the past few of its sources, is now turned out to, of course, national leaders people are happy, but also allow the Chinese people feel proud! Because it broke the American monopoly in this field, but also the Russian people walking in front of the offensive strategy of the Chinese Air Force has played a decisive role. The possibility of this argument was basically 100%.

H-10 stealth bombers basic information 

Empty weight :47880-52,912 kilograms, 
Length: 24.03 meters,,,
Height: 4.51 meters,
Wingspan: 65.27 meters,
Maximum load of bombs: 25,254 kilograms cruising speed,
Degree: 1.1
Mach Range: 13,328 kilometers,
Maximum Takeoff Weight: 205.74 thousand kilograms.
Weapon systems: nuclear bombs, conventional bombs, cluster bombs, cruise missiles, air to air missile.
Radar reflection cross-section: less than 0.2 square meters. 



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